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Tag 04IX

Chapter 18: Modules on Sites > Section 18.19: Localization of ringed sites

Definition 18.19.1. Let $(\mathcal{C}, \mathcal{O})$ be a ringed site. Let $U \in \mathop{\rm Ob}\nolimits(\mathcal{C})$.

  1. The ringed site $(\mathcal{C}/U, \mathcal{O}_U)$ is called the localization of the ringed site $(\mathcal{C}, \mathcal{O})$ at the object $U$.
  2. The morphism of ringed topoi $(j_U, j_U^\sharp) : (\mathop{\textit{Sh}}\nolimits(\mathcal{C}/U), \mathcal{O}_U) \to (\mathop{\textit{Sh}}\nolimits(\mathcal{C}), \mathcal{O})$ is called the localization morphism.
  3. The functor $j_{U*} : \textit{Mod}(\mathcal{O}_U) \to \textit{Mod}(\mathcal{O})$ is called the direct image functor.
  4. For a sheaf of $\mathcal{O}$-modules $\mathcal{F}$ on $\mathcal{C}$ the sheaf $j_U^*\mathcal{F}$ is called the restriction of $\mathcal{F}$ to $\mathcal{C}/U$. We will sometimes denote it by $\mathcal{F}|_{\mathcal{C}/U}$ or even $\mathcal{F}|_U$. It is described by the simple rule $j_U^*(\mathcal{F})(X/U) = \mathcal{F}(X)$.
  5. The left adjoint $j_{U!} : \textit{Mod}(\mathcal{O}_U) \to \textit{Mod}(\mathcal{O})$ of restriction is called extension by zero. It exists and is exact by Lemmas 18.19.2 and 18.19.3.

    The code snippet corresponding to this tag is a part of the file sites-modules.tex and is located in lines 2010–2040 (see updates for more information).

    \begin{definition}
    \label{definition-localize-ringed-site}
    Let $(\mathcal{C}, \mathcal{O})$ be a ringed site.
    Let $U \in \Ob(\mathcal{C})$.
    \begin{enumerate}
    \item The ringed site $(\mathcal{C}/U, \mathcal{O}_U)$ is called the
    {\it localization of the ringed site $(\mathcal{C}, \mathcal{O})$
    at the object $U$}.
    \item The morphism of ringed topoi
    $(j_U, j_U^\sharp) :
    (\Sh(\mathcal{C}/U), \mathcal{O}_U)
    \to
    (\Sh(\mathcal{C}), \mathcal{O})$
    is called the {\it localization morphism}.
    \item The functor
    $j_{U*} : \textit{Mod}(\mathcal{O}_U) \to \textit{Mod}(\mathcal{O})$
    is called the {\it direct image functor}.
    \item For a sheaf of $\mathcal{O}$-modules $\mathcal{F}$ on $\mathcal{C}$
    the sheaf $j_U^*\mathcal{F}$ is called the
    {\it restriction of $\mathcal{F}$ to $\mathcal{C}/U$}.
    We will sometimes denote it by
    $\mathcal{F}|_{\mathcal{C}/U}$ or even $\mathcal{F}|_U$.
    It is described by the simple rule $j_U^*(\mathcal{F})(X/U) = \mathcal{F}(X)$.
    \item The left adjoint
    $j_{U!} : \textit{Mod}(\mathcal{O}_U) \to \textit{Mod}(\mathcal{O})$
    of restriction is called {\it extension by zero}. It exists and is
    exact by
    Lemmas \ref{lemma-extension-by-zero} and
    \ref{lemma-extension-by-zero-exact}.
    \end{enumerate}
    \end{definition}

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