## Tag `022P`

Chapter 38: Groupoid Schemes > Section 38.3: Equivalence relations

Definition 38.3.1. Let $S$ be a scheme. Let $U$ be a scheme over $S$.

- A
pre-relationon $U$ over $S$ is any morphism of schemes $j : R \to U \times_S U$. In this case we set $t = \text{pr}_0 \circ j$ and $s = \text{pr}_1 \circ j$, so that $j = (t, s)$.- A
relationon $U$ over $S$ is a monomorphism of schemes $j : R \to U \times_S U$.- A
pre-equivalence relationis a pre-relation $j : R \to U \times_S U$ such that the image of $j : R(T) \to U(T) \times U(T)$ is an equivalence relation for all $T/S$.- We say a morphism $R \to U \times_S U$ of schemes is an
equivalence relation on $U$ over $S$if and only if for every scheme $T$ over $S$ the $T$-valued points of $R$ define an equivalence relation on the set of $T$-valued points of $U$.

The code snippet corresponding to this tag is a part of the file `groupoids.tex` and is located in lines 85–105 (see updates for more information).

```
\begin{definition}
\label{definition-equivalence-relation}
Let $S$ be a scheme. Let $U$ be a scheme over $S$.
\begin{enumerate}
\item A {\it pre-relation} on $U$ over $S$ is any morphism
of schemes $j : R \to U \times_S U$. In this case we set
$t = \text{pr}_0 \circ j$ and $s = \text{pr}_1 \circ j$, so
that $j = (t, s)$.
\item A {\it relation} on $U$ over $S$ is a monomorphism
of schemes $j : R \to U \times_S U$.
\item A {\it pre-equivalence relation} is a pre-relation
$j : R \to U \times_S U$ such that the image of
$j : R(T) \to U(T) \times U(T)$ is an equivalence relation for
all $T/S$.
\item We say a morphism $R \to U \times_S U$ of schemes is
an {\it equivalence relation on $U$ over $S$}
if and only if for every scheme $T$ over $S$ the $T$-valued
points of $R$ define an equivalence relation
on the set of $T$-valued points of $U$.
\end{enumerate}
\end{definition}
```

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