## Tag `030B`

Chapter 10: Commutative Algebra > Section 10.36: Normal rings

Lemma 10.36.10. Let $R$ be a domain. The following are equivalent:

- The domain $R$ is a normal domain,
- for every prime $\mathfrak p \subset R$ the local ring $R_{\mathfrak p}$ is a normal domain, and
- for every maximal ideal $\mathfrak m$ the ring $R_{\mathfrak m}$ is a normal domain.

Proof.This follows easily from the fact that for any domain $R$ we have $$ R = \bigcap\nolimits_{\mathfrak m} R_{\mathfrak m} $$ inside the fraction field of $R$. Namely, if $g$ is an element of the right hand side then the ideal $I = \{x \in R \mid xg \in R\}$ is not contained in any maximal ideal $\mathfrak m$, whence $I = R$. $\square$

The code snippet corresponding to this tag is a part of the file `algebra.tex` and is located in lines 7852–7862 (see updates for more information).

```
\begin{lemma}
\label{lemma-normality-is-local}
Let $R$ be a domain. The following are equivalent:
\begin{enumerate}
\item The domain $R$ is a normal domain,
\item for every prime $\mathfrak p \subset R$ the local ring
$R_{\mathfrak p}$ is a normal domain, and
\item for every maximal ideal $\mathfrak m$ the ring $R_{\mathfrak m}$
is a normal domain.
\end{enumerate}
\end{lemma}
\begin{proof}
This follows easily from the fact that for any domain $R$ we have
$$
R = \bigcap\nolimits_{\mathfrak m} R_{\mathfrak m}
$$
inside the fraction field of $R$. Namely, if $g$ is an element of
the right hand side then the ideal $I = \{x \in R \mid xg \in R\}$
is not contained in any maximal ideal $\mathfrak m$, whence $I = R$.
\end{proof}
```

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