Definition 18.33.1. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a site. Let $\varphi : \mathcal{O}_1 \to \mathcal{O}_2$ be a homomorphism of sheaves of rings. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be an $\mathcal{O}_2$-module. A $\mathcal{O}_1$-derivation or more precisely a $\varphi$-derivation into $\mathcal{F}$ is a map $D : \mathcal{O}_2 \to \mathcal{F}$ which is additive, annihilates the image of $\mathcal{O}_1 \to \mathcal{O}_2$, and satisfies the Leibniz rule

$D(ab) = aD(b) + D(a)b$

for all $a, b$ local sections of $\mathcal{O}_2$ (wherever they are both defined). We denote $\text{Der}_{\mathcal{O}_1}(\mathcal{O}_2, \mathcal{F})$ the set of $\varphi$-derivations into $\mathcal{F}$.

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