Lemma 5.9.3. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a continuous map of topological spaces.

1. If $X$ is Noetherian, then $f(X)$ is Noetherian.

2. If $X$ is locally Noetherian and $f$ open, then $f(X)$ is locally Noetherian.

Proof. In case (1), suppose that $Z_1 \supset Z_2 \supset Z_3 \supset \ldots$ is a descending chain of closed subsets of $f(X)$ (as usual with the induced topology as a subset of $Y$). Then $f^{-1}(Z_1) \supset f^{-1}(Z_2) \supset f^{-1}(Z_3) \supset \ldots$ is a descending chain of closed subsets of $X$. Hence this chain stabilizes. Since $f(f^{-1}(Z_ i)) = Z_ i$ we conclude that $Z_1 \supset Z_2 \supset Z_3 \supset \ldots$ stabilizes also. In case (2), let $y \in f(X)$. Choose $x \in X$ with $f(x) = y$. By assumption there exists a neighbourhood $E \subset X$ of $x$ which is Noetherian. Then $f(E) \subset f(X)$ is a neighbourhood which is Noetherian by part (1). $\square$

Comment #1362 by on

The indexing for the chain $Z_1\supset Z_2\supset Z_2\supset\ldots$ is a bit silly, on both occasions.

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