The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

3.4 Ordinals

A set $T$ is transitive if $x\in T$ implies $x\subset T$. A set $\alpha $ is an ordinal if it is transitive and well-ordered by $\in $. In this case, we define $\alpha + 1 = \alpha \cup \{ \alpha \} $, which is another ordinal called the successor of $\alpha $. An ordinal $\alpha $ is called a successor ordinal if there exists an ordinal $\beta $ such that $\alpha = \beta + 1$. The smallest ordinal is $\emptyset $ which is also denoted $0$. If $\alpha $ is not $0$, and not a successor ordinal, then $\alpha $ is called a limit ordinal and we have

\[ \alpha = \bigcup \nolimits _{\gamma \in \alpha } \gamma . \]

The first limit ordinal is $\omega $ and it is also the first infinite ordinal. The first uncountable ordinal $\omega _1$ is the set of all countable ordinals. The collection of all ordinals is a proper class. It is well-ordered by $\in $ in the following sense: any nonempty set (or even class) of ordinals has a least element. Given a set $A$ of ordinals, we define the supremum of $A$ to be $\sup _{\alpha \in A} \alpha = \bigcup _{\alpha \in A} \alpha $. It is the least ordinal bigger or equal to all $\alpha \in A$. Given any well-ordered set $(S, <)$, there is a unique ordinal $\alpha $ such that $(S, <) \cong (\alpha , \in )$; this is called the order type of the well-ordered set.

Comments (4)

Comment #971 by Fred Rohrer on

I suggest changing "well ordered" to "well-ordered" (or at least use the same spelling throughout). The other occurrences without a hyphen are in 00YP, 065T, 03C3, 09E0, 06RF and 06RG.

Comment #3567 by Christian Hildebrandt on

I would suggest changing to to keep the analogy with .

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