Remark 43.15.6 (Trivial generalization). Let $(A, \mathfrak m, \kappa )$ be a Noetherian local ring. Let $M$ be a finite $A$-module. Let $I \subset A$ be an ideal. The following are equivalent

1. $I' = I + \text{Ann}(M)$ is an ideal of definition (Algebra, Definition 10.59.1),

2. the image $\overline{I}$ of $I$ in $\overline{A} = A/\text{Ann}(M)$ is an ideal of definition,

3. $\text{Supp}(M/IM) \subset \{ \mathfrak m\}$,

4. $\dim (\text{Supp}(M/IM)) \leq 0$, and

5. $\text{length}_ A(M/IM) < \infty$.

This follows from Algebra, Lemma 10.62.3 (details omitted). If this is the case we have $M/I^ nM = M/(I')^ nM$ for all $n$ and $M/I^ nM = M/\overline{I}^ nM$ for all $n$ if $M$ is viewed as an $\overline{A}$-module. Thus we can define

$\chi _{I, M}(n) = \text{length}_ A(M/I^ nM) = \sum \nolimits _{p = 0, \ldots , n - 1} \text{length}_ A(I^ pM/I^{p + 1}M)$

and we get

$\chi _{I, M}(n) = \chi _{I', M}(n) = \chi _{\overline{I}, M}(n)$

for all $n$ by the equalities above. All the results of Algebra, Section 10.59 and all the results in this section, have analogues in this setting. In particular we can define multiplicities $e_ I(M, d)$ for $d \geq \dim (\text{Supp}(M))$ and we have

$\chi _{I, M}(n) \sim e_ I(M, d) \frac{n^ d}{d!} + \text{lower order terms}$

as in the case where $I$ is an ideal of definition.

There are also:

• 2 comment(s) on Section 43.15: Algebraic multiplicities

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like $\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).