Lemma 5.10.2. Let $X$ be a topological space. Then $\dim (X) = \sup \dim _ x(X)$ where the supremum runs over the points $x$ of $X$.
Proof. It is clear that $\dim (X) \geq \dim _ x(X)$ for all $x \in X$ (see discussion following Definition 5.10.1). Thus an inequality in one direction. For the converse, let $n \geq 0$ and suppose that $\dim (X) \geq n$. Then we can find a chain of irreducible closed subsets $Z_0 \subset Z_1 \subset \ldots \subset Z_ n \subset X$. Pick $x \in Z_0$. Then we see that every open neighbourhood $U$ of $x$ has a chain of irreducible closed subsets $Z_0 \cap U \subset Z_1 \cap U \subset \ldots Z_ n \cap U \subset U$. In this way we see that $\dim _ x(X) \geq n$ which proves the other inequality. $\square$
Post a comment
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.
In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like
$\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).
All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.