The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Functoriality of the spectrum

Lemma 10.16.4. Suppose that $\varphi : R \to R'$ is a ring homomorphism. The induced map

\[ \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(\varphi ) : \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(R') \longrightarrow \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(R), \quad \mathfrak p' \longmapsto \varphi ^{-1}(\mathfrak p') \]

is continuous for the Zariski topologies. In fact, for any element $f \in R$ we have $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(\varphi )^{-1}(D(f)) = D(\varphi (f))$.

Proof. It is basic notion (41) that $\mathfrak p := \varphi ^{-1}(\mathfrak p')$ is indeed a prime ideal of $R$. The last assertion of the lemma follows directly from the definitions, and implies the first. $\square$


Comments (1)

Comment #3794 by slogan_bot on

Suggested slogan: "Pullback of primes gives a continuous map on spectra"

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  • 2 comment(s) on Section 10.16: The spectrum of a ring

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