Lemma 10.51.5. Let $R$ be a Noetherian ring. Let $I \subset R$ be an ideal. Let $M$ be a finite $R$-module. Let $N = \bigcap _ n I^ n M$.

1. For every prime $\mathfrak p$, $I \subset \mathfrak p$ there exists a $f \in R$, $f \not\in \mathfrak p$ such that $N_ f = 0$.

2. If $I$ is contained in the Jacobson radical of $R$, then $N = 0$.

Proof. Proof of (1). Let $x_1, \ldots , x_ n$ be generators for the module $N$, see Lemma 10.51.1. For every prime $\mathfrak p$, $I \subset \mathfrak p$ we see that the image of $N$ in the localization $M_{\mathfrak p}$ is zero, by Lemma 10.51.4. Hence we can find $g_ i \in R$, $g_ i \not\in \mathfrak p$ such that $x_ i$ maps to zero in $N_{g_ i}$. Thus $N_{g_1g_2\ldots g_ n} = 0$.

Part (2) follows from (1) and Lemma 10.23.1. $\square$

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