The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 10.122.8. Suppose $R \subset S$ is an inclusion of reduced rings and suppose that $x \in S$ is strongly transcendental over $R$. Let $\mathfrak q \subset S$ be a minimal prime and let $\mathfrak p = R \cap \mathfrak q$. Then the image of $x$ in $S/\mathfrak q$ is strongly transcendental over the subring $R/\mathfrak p$.

Proof. Suppose $u(a_0 + a_1x + \ldots + a_ k x^ k) \in \mathfrak q$. By Lemma 10.24.1 the local ring $S_{\mathfrak q}$ is a field, and hence $u(a_0 + a_1x + \ldots + a_ k x^ k) $ is zero in $S_{\mathfrak q}$. Thus $uu'(a_0 + a_1x + \ldots + a_ k x^ k) = 0$ for some $u' \in S$, $u' \not\in \mathfrak q$. Since $x$ is strongly transcendental over $R$ we get $uu'a_ i = 0$ for all $i$. This in turn implies that $ua_ i \in \mathfrak q$. $\square$


Comments (0)

There are also:

  • 3 comment(s) on Section 10.122: Zariski's Main Theorem

Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like $\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.




In order to prevent bots from posting comments, we would like you to prove that you are human. You can do this by filling in the name of the current tag in the following input field. As a reminder, this is tag 00Q0. Beware of the difference between the letter 'O' and the digit '0'.