The Stacks project

Lemma 10.6.3. Let $R \to S$ be a ring map of finite presentation. For any surjection $\alpha : R[x_1, \ldots , x_ n] \to S$ the kernel of $\alpha $ is a finitely generated ideal in $R[x_1, \ldots , x_ n]$.

Proof. Write $S = R[y_1, \ldots , y_ m]/(f_1, \ldots , f_ k)$. Choose $g_ i \in R[y_1, \ldots , y_ m]$ which are lifts of $\alpha (x_ i)$. Then we see that $S = R[x_ i, y_ j]/(f_ l, x_ i - g_ i)$. Choose $h_ j \in R[x_1, \ldots , x_ n]$ such that $\alpha (h_ j)$ corresponds to $y_ j \bmod (f_1, \ldots , f_ k)$. Consider the map $\psi : R[x_ i, y_ j] \to R[x_ i]$, $x_ i \mapsto x_ i$, $y_ j \mapsto h_ j$. Then the kernel of $\alpha $ is the image of $(f_ l, x_ i - g_ i)$ under $\psi $ and we win. $\square$

Comments (3)

Comment #1099 by Filip Chindea on

It is obvious that , but I don't know how to prove the reverse inclusion and I would be grateful for a hint. The proof in EGA is quite involved, and I would have liked to see an elementary alternative. Thank you.

Comment #1132 by on

For any ring and element we have . Does this help? Or am I misunderstanding the question?

Comment #1158 by Filip Chindea on

Sorry for that, it was obvious: just consider the projection to and see what happens after composition. Still the proof is amazingly short.

There are also:

  • 2 comment(s) on Section 10.6: Ring maps of finite type and of finite presentation

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