Lemma 34.7.3. Let $T$ be a scheme.

1. If $T' \to T$ is an isomorphism then $\{ T' \to T\}$ is an fppf covering of $T$.

2. If $\{ T_ i \to T\} _{i\in I}$ is an fppf covering and for each $i$ we have an fppf covering $\{ T_{ij} \to T_ i\} _{j\in J_ i}$, then $\{ T_{ij} \to T\} _{i \in I, j\in J_ i}$ is an fppf covering.

3. If $\{ T_ i \to T\} _{i\in I}$ is an fppf covering and $T' \to T$ is a morphism of schemes then $\{ T' \times _ T T_ i \to T'\} _{i\in I}$ is an fppf covering.

Proof. The first assertion is clear. The second follows as the composition of flat morphisms is flat (see Morphisms, Lemma 29.25.6) and the composition of morphisms of finite presentation is of finite presentation (see Morphisms, Lemma 29.21.3). The third follows as the base change of a flat morphism is flat (see Morphisms, Lemma 29.25.8) and the base change of a morphism of finite presentation is of finite presentation (see Morphisms, Lemma 29.21.4). Moreover, the base change of a surjective family of morphisms is surjective (proof omitted). $\square$

Comment #3806 by Harry on

"finite presentation" -> "locally of finite presentation"

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