The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Integrality and finiteness are preserved under base change.

Lemma 10.35.13. Let $R \to S$ and $R \to R'$ be ring maps. Set $S' = R' \otimes _ R S$.

  1. If $R \to S$ is integral so is $R' \to S'$.

  2. If $R \to S$ is finite so is $R' \to S'$.

Proof. We prove (1). Let $s_ i \in S$ be generators for $S$ over $R$. Each of these satisfies a monic polynomial equation $P_ i$ over $R$. Hence the elements $1 \otimes s_ i \in S'$ generate $S'$ over $R'$ and satisfy the corresponding polynomial $P_ i'$ over $R'$. Since these elements generate $S'$ over $R'$ we see that $S'$ is integral over $R'$. Proof of (2) omitted. $\square$


Comments (1)

Comment #1092 by Alex Youcis on

Suggested slogan: Integrality and finitneness are preserved under base change.


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