The Stacks project

Lemma 10.31.2. If $R$ is a Noetherian ring, then so is the formal power series ring $R[[x_1, \ldots , x_ n]]$.

Proof. Since $R[[x_1, \ldots , x_{n + 1}]] \cong R[[x_1, \ldots , x_ n]][[x_{n + 1}]]$ it suffices to prove the statement that $R[[x]]$ is Noetherian if $R$ is Noetherian. Let $I \subset R[[x]]$ be a ideal. We have to show that $I$ is a finitely generated ideal. For each integer $d$ denote $I_ d = \{ a \in R \mid ax^ d + \text{h.o.t.} \in I\} $. Then we see that $I_0 \subset I_1 \subset \ldots $ stabilizes as $R$ is Noetherian. Choose $d_0$ such that $I_{d_0} = I_{d_0 + 1} = \ldots $. For each $d \leq d_0$ choose elements $f_{d, j} \in I \cap (x^ d)$, $j = 1, \ldots , n_ d$ such that if we write $f_{d, j} = a_{d, j}x^ d + \text{h.o.t}$ then $I_ d = (a_{d, j})$. Denote $I' = (\{ f_{d, j}\} _{d = 0, \ldots , d_0, j = 1, \ldots , n_ d})$. Then it is clear that $I' \subset I$. Pick $f \in I$. First we may choose $c_{d, i} \in R$ such that

\[ f - \sum c_{d, i} f_{d, i} \in (x^{d_0 + 1}) \cap I. \]

Next, we can choose $c_{i, 1} \in R$, $i = 1, \ldots , n_{d_0}$ such that

\[ f - \sum c_{d, i} f_{d, i} - \sum c_{i, 1}xf_{d_0, i} \in (x^{d_0 + 2}) \cap I. \]

Next, we can choose $c_{i, 2} \in R$, $i = 1, \ldots , n_{d_0}$ such that

\[ f - \sum c_{d, i} f_{d, i} - \sum c_{i, 1}xf_{d_0, i} - \sum c_{i, 2}x^2f_{d_0, i} \in (x^{d_0 + 3}) \cap I. \]

And so on. In the end we see that

\[ f = \sum c_{d, i} f_{d, i} + \sum \nolimits _ i (\sum \nolimits _ e c_{i, e} x^ e)f_{d_0, i} \]

is contained in $I'$ as desired. $\square$

Comments (2)

Comment #343 by Fred on

I guess in the fourth line, ''... then '' means ''... then ''? That notation is confusing imo.

Comment #352 by on

Yes. I am not sure what would be a better notation. Any suggestions?

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