The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 10.154.11. Let $(R, \mathfrak m)$ be a Noetherian complete local domain. Then there exists a $R_0 \subset R$ with the following properties

  1. $R_0$ is a regular complete local ring,

  2. $R_0 \subset R$ is finite and induces an isomorphism on residue fields,

  3. $R_0$ is either isomorphic to $k[[X_1, \ldots , X_ d]]$ where $k$ is a field or $\Lambda [[X_1, \ldots , X_ d]]$ where $\Lambda $ is a Cohen ring.

Proof. Let $\Lambda $ be a coefficient ring of $R$. Since $R$ is a domain we see that either $\Lambda $ is a field or $\Lambda $ is a Cohen ring.

Case I: $\Lambda = k$ is a field. Let $d = \dim (R)$. Choose $x_1, \ldots , x_ d \in \mathfrak m$ which generate an ideal of definition $I \subset R$. (See Section 10.59.) By Lemma 10.95.9 we see that $R$ is $I$-adically complete as well. Consider the map $R_0 = k[[X_1, \ldots , X_ d]] \to R$ which maps $X_ i$ to $x_ i$. Note that $R_0$ is complete with respect to the ideal $I_0 = (X_1, \ldots , X_ d)$, and that $R/I_0R \cong R/IR$ is finite over $k = R_0/I_0$ (because $\dim (R/I) = 0$, see Section 10.59.) Hence we conclude that $R_0 \to R$ is finite by Lemma 10.95.12. Since $\dim (R) = \dim (R_0)$ this implies that $R_0 \to R$ is injective (see Lemma 10.111.3), and the lemma is proved.

Case II: $\Lambda $ is a Cohen ring. Let $d + 1 = \dim (R)$. Let $p > 0$ be the characteristic of the residue field $k$. As $R$ is a domain we see that $p$ is a nonzerodivisor in $R$. Hence $\dim (R/pR) = d$, see Lemma 10.59.12. Choose $x_1, \ldots , x_ d \in R$ which generate an ideal of definition in $R/pR$. Then $I = (p, x_1, \ldots , x_ d)$ is an ideal of definition of $R$. By Lemma 10.95.9 we see that $R$ is $I$-adically complete as well. Consider the map $R_0 = \Lambda [[X_1, \ldots , X_ d]] \to R$ which maps $X_ i$ to $x_ i$. Note that $R_0$ is complete with respect to the ideal $I_0 = (p, X_1, \ldots , X_ d)$, and that $R/I_0R \cong R/IR$ is finite over $k = R_0/I_0$ (because $\dim (R/I) = 0$, see Section 10.59.) Hence we conclude that $R_0 \to R$ is finite by Lemma 10.95.12. Since $\dim (R) = \dim (R_0)$ this implies that $R_0 \to R$ is injective (see Lemma 10.111.3), and the lemma is proved. $\square$


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