The Stacks project

Lemma 33.24.1. Let $k$ be a field. Let $X$, $Y$ be schemes over $k$, and let $A \subset X$, $B \subset Y$ be subsets. Set

\[ AB = \{ z \in X \times _ k Y \mid \text{pr}_ X(z) \in A, \ \text{pr}_ Y(z) \in B\} \subset X \times _ k Y \]

Then set theoretically we have

\[ \overline{A} \times _ k \overline{B} = \overline{AB} \]

Proof. The inclusion $\overline{AB} \subset \overline{A} \times _ k \overline{B}$ is immediate. We may replace $X$ and $Y$ by the reduced closed subschemes $\overline{A}$ and $\overline{B}$. Let $W \subset X \times _ k Y$ be a nonempty open subset. By Morphisms, Lemma 29.23.4 the subset $U = \text{pr}_ X(W)$ is nonempty open in $X$. Hence $A \cap U$ is nonempty. Pick $a \in A \cap U$. Denote $Y_{\kappa (a)} = \{ a\} \times _ k Y$ the fibre of $\text{pr}_ X : X \times _ k Y \to X$ over $a$. By Morphisms, Lemma 29.23.4 again the morphism $Y_ a \to Y$ is open as $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(\kappa (a)) \to \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k)$ is universally open. Hence the nonempty open subset $W_ a = W \times _{X \times _ k Y} Y_ a$ maps to a nonempty open subset of $Y$. We conclude there exists a $b \in B$ in the image. Hence $AB \cap W \not= \emptyset $ as desired. $\square$


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