The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 10.148.4. Let $(R, \mathfrak m, \kappa )$ be a henselian local ring.

  1. If $R \subset S$ is a finite ring extension then $S$ is a finite product of henselian local rings.

  2. If $R \subset S$ is a finite local homomorphism of local rings, then $S$ is a henselian local ring.

  3. If $R \to S$ is a finite type ring map, and $\mathfrak q$ is a prime of $S$ lying over $\mathfrak m$ at which $R \to S$ is quasi-finite, then $S_{\mathfrak q}$ is henselian.

  4. If $R \to S$ is quasi-finite then $S_{\mathfrak q}$ is henselian for every prime $\mathfrak q$ lying over $\mathfrak m$.

Proof. Part (2) implies part (1) since $S$ as in part (1) is a finite product of its localizations at the primes lying over $\mathfrak m$. Part (2) follows from Lemma 10.148.3 part (10) since any finite $S$-algebra is also a finite $R$-algebra. If $R \to S$ and $\mathfrak q$ are as in (3), then $S_{\mathfrak q}$ is a local ring of a finite $R$-algebra by Lemma 10.148.3 part (11). Hence (3) follows from (1). Part (4) follows from part (3). $\square$


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