Definition 101.13.2. Let $f : \mathcal{X} \to \mathcal{Y}$ be a morphism of algebraic stacks.

We say $f$ is

*closed*if the map of topological spaces $|\mathcal{X}| \to |\mathcal{Y}|$ is closed.We say $f$ is

*universally closed*if for every morphism of algebraic stacks $\mathcal{Z} \to \mathcal{Y}$ the morphism of topological spaces\[ |\mathcal{Z} \times _\mathcal {Y} \mathcal{X}| \to |\mathcal{Z}| \]is closed, i.e., the base change $\mathcal{Z} \times _\mathcal {Y} \mathcal{X} \to \mathcal{Z}$ is closed.

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