The Stacks project

The universal property of the Verdier quotient.

Lemma 13.6.8. Let $\mathcal{D}$ be a triangulated category. Let $\mathcal{B}$ be a full triangulated subcategory of $\mathcal{D}$. Let $Q : \mathcal{D} \to \mathcal{D}/\mathcal{B}$ be the quotient functor.

  1. If $H : \mathcal{D} \to \mathcal{A}$ is a homological functor into an abelian category $\mathcal{A}$ such that $\mathcal{B} \subset \mathop{\mathrm{Ker}}(H)$ then there exists a unique factorization $H' : \mathcal{D}/\mathcal{B} \to \mathcal{A}$ such that $H = H' \circ Q$ and $H'$ is a homological functor too.

  2. If $F : \mathcal{D} \to \mathcal{D}'$ is an exact functor into a pre-triangulated category $\mathcal{D}'$ such that $\mathcal{B} \subset \mathop{\mathrm{Ker}}(F)$ then there exists a unique factorization $F' : \mathcal{D}/\mathcal{B} \to \mathcal{D}'$ such that $F = F' \circ Q$ and $F'$ is an exact functor too.

Proof. This lemma follows from Lemma 13.5.6. Namely, if $f : X \to Y$ is a morphism of $\mathcal{D}$ such that for some distinguished triangle $(X, Y, Z, f, g, h)$ the object $Z$ is isomorphic to an object of $\mathcal{B}$, then $H(f)$, resp. $F(f)$ is an isomorphism under the assumptions of (1), resp. (2). Details omitted. $\square$

Comments (1)

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Suggested slogan: Quotients of triangulated categories have a universal property for homological functors and exact functors.

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  • 2 comment(s) on Section 13.6: Quotients of triangulated categories

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