Lemma 78.6.1. Let $S$ be a scheme. Let $B$ be an algebraic space over $S$. Let $G$ be a group algebraic space over $B$. Then $G \to B$ is separated (resp. quasi-separated, resp. locally separated) if and only if the identity morphism $e : B \to G$ is a closed immersion (resp. quasi-compact, resp. an immersion).

**Proof.**
We recall that by Morphisms of Spaces, Lemma 67.4.7 we have that $e$ is a closed immersion (resp. quasi-compact, resp. an immersion) if $G \to B$ is separated (resp. quasi-separated, resp. locally separated). For the converse, consider the diagram

It is an exercise in the functorial point of view in algebraic geometry to show that this diagram is cartesian. In other words, we see that $\Delta _{G/B}$ is a base change of $e$. Hence if $e$ is a closed immersion (resp. quasi-compact, resp. an immersion) so is $\Delta _{G/B}$, see Spaces, Lemma 65.12.3 (resp. Morphisms of Spaces, Lemma 67.8.4, resp. Spaces, Lemma 65.12.3). $\square$

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