**which of the following is true about the leveraging effect** This is a topic that many people are looking for. **star-trek-voyager.net** is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, ** star-trek-voyager.net ** would like to introduce to you **Financial leverage explained **. Following along are instructions in the video below:

“Is financial leverage financial leverage is a story of assets and their returns on one one side and the way the assets are financed on the other side the concept financial leverage can be applied to companies investment portfolios and even to the house you own in this example we look at a factory with 1 million in assets buildings machines inventory etcetera. these assets generate an annual net income of 100000 the. Return on assets is therefore 10 100k in net income divided by 1 million in assets. How are these assets financed let s assume the assets are financed.

Fully by equity shareholder capital. 100k net income divided by 1 million in equity is 10 return on equity. So far so good equity is not the only way to finance assets. You could also go to the bank for a loan.

How about financing. The assets 50 with equity and 50 with debt debt hardly ever comes for. Free let s. Assume the net income drops to.

80000 due to the interest charged return on. Assets is. Now. 8.

80000. Net income divided by 1 million in assets. Which is lower than the. 10 we had before return on equity goes up 80000 in net income divided by 500000 in.

.

Equity is 16 . This is the effect of financial leverage return on equity was 10. When the assets were financed. Fully by equity and return on equity is 16.

When the assets are financed 50 50 with equity and debt how about taking that one step further what if. We finance the assets. With 200000. In equity and.

800000 in. Debt. Net income. Drops.

To 68000. And return on assets. Drops accordingly to 68. return.

On equity however goes. Up dramatically. 68000 in net income divided by 200000 in. Equity generates a return on equity of 34.

.

one more. Step what if. We finance the assets with only. 100000 in.

Equity and a massive 900000. In debt. Assuming. You can find a bank.

That is willing to grant or arrange a loan with that kind of financial leverage net income drops to 64000. And return on assets. Drops accordingly to 64 return on equity goes. Up dramatically.

64000 in net income. Divided by 100000 in. Equity generates a return on equity of 64 . Let s summarize.

These four financial leverage scenarios. With the very important disclaimer that we are assuming a very linear and very stable world in this specific example 1 million. In assets. Fully financed with equity generate.

.

10. Return. On assets. And 10.

Return. On equity. The same assets. Financed 50.

50 between equity and debt generate. 8. Return on assets and 16 return on equity. The financial leverage is 2 for every dollar of equity.

There are two dollars of assets. If financial leverage is 2. Then roe is 2 times. Roa when we go to 20 equity and 80 debt.

Roa drops to 68 while. Roe jumps to 34 . The financial leverage is 5 for every dollar of equity. There are five dollars of assets.

.

If financial leverage is 5. Then roe is 5 times roa. It looks like the higher the financial leverage. The higher the return on.

Equity when we go to 10 equity and 90 debt. Roa drops to 64 and. Roe could skyrocket to 64 . The financial leverage is 10 for every dollar of equity.

There are ten dollars of assets. If financial leverage is 10. Then roe is 10 times roa. Why do we mention the word could in one of the previous sentences well real life can be far more volatile than a nice clean example on paper what if the.

64000. Net income turns into an unexpected loss of 200000. In a high financial leverage situation this completely wipes out the existing equity either the shareholder. Urgently contributes more equity to the company or the bank will take possession of the assets which.

Were the collateral for the loan financial leverage can multiply gains and wipe out equity in case of unexpected losses want to learn more about business finance accounting and investing then subscribe to the finance storyteller youtube channel. Thank you ” ..

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description:

What is financial leverage? Financial leverage is a story of assets and their returns on one side, and the way the assets are financed on the other side. The concept of financial leverage can be applied to companies, investment portfolios, and even to the house you own. In this example, we look at a factory with $1 million in assets (buildings, machines, inventory, etcetera). These assets generate an annual net income of $100,000. The return on assets is therefore 10%, $100K in net income divided by $1 million in assets. How are these assets financed? Let s assume the assets are financed fully by equity, shareholder capital. $100K net income divided by $1 million in equity is 10% return on equity. So far, so good.

Equity is not the only way to finance assets. You could also go to the bank for a loan. How about financing the assets 50% with equity, and 50% with debt. Debt hardly ever comes for free, let s assume the net income drops to $80,000 due to the interest charged. Return on assets is now 8%: $80,000 net income divided by $1 million in assets, which is lower than the 10% we had before. Return on equity goes up: $80,000 in net income divided by $500,000 in equity is 16%. This is the effect of financial leverage! Return on equity was 10% when the assets were financed fully by equity, and return on equity is 16% when the assets are financed 50/50 with equity and debt.

How about taking that one step further. What if we finance the assets with $200,000 in equity and $800,000 in debt? Net income drops to $68,000, and return on assets drops accordingly to 6.8%. Return on equity however goes up dramatically. $68,000 in net income divided by $200,000 in equity generates a return on equity of 34%!

One more step. What if we finance the assets with only $100,000 in equity and a massive $900,000 in debt (assuming you can find a bank that is willing to grant or arrange a loan with that kind of financial leverage)? Net income drops to $64,000, and return on assets drops accordingly to 6.4%. Return on equity goes up dramatically. $64,000 in net income divided by $100,000 in equity generates a return on equity of 64%!

Let s summarize these four financial leverage scenarios, with the very important disclaimer that we are assuming a very linear and very stable world. In this specific example, $1 million in assets fully financed with equity generate 10% return on assets and 10% return on equity. The same assets financed 50/50 between equity and debt, generate 8% return on assets and 16% return on equity. The financial leverage is 2: for every dollar of equity, there are two dollars of assets. If financial leverage is 2, then ROE is 2 times ROA. When we go to 20% equity and 80% debt, ROA drops to 6.8% while ROE jumps to 34%. The financial leverage is 5: for every dollar of equity, there are five dollars of assets. If financial leverage is 5, then ROE is 5 times ROA. It looks like the higher the financial leverage, the higher the return on equity. When we go to 10% equity and 90% debt, ROA drops to 6.4% and ROE could skyrocket to 64%. The financial leverage is 10: for every dollar of equity, there are ten dollars of assets. If financial leverage is 10, then ROE is 10 times ROA. Why do we mention the word could in one of the previous sentences?

Well, real life can be far more volatile than a nice clean example on paper. What if the $64,000 net income turns into an unexpected loss of $200,000? In a high financial leverage situation, this completely wipes out the existing equity. Either the shareholder urgently contributes more equity to the company, or the bank will take possession of the assets, which were the collateral for the loan.

Financial leverage can multiply gains . and wipe out equity in case of unexpected losses.

Philip de Vroe (The Finance Storyteller) aims to make strategy, #finance and leadership enjoyable and easier to understand. Learn the business and accounting vocabulary to join the conversation with your CEO at your company. Understand how financial statements work in order to make better #investing decisions. Philip delivers #financetraining in various formats: YouTube videos, classroom sessions, webinars, and business simulations. Connect with me through Linked In!

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