Lemma 91.6.4. Let $A \to B$ and $A \to C$ be ring maps. Then the map $L_{B \times C/A} \to L_{B/A} \oplus L_{C/A}$ is an isomorphism in $D(B \times C)$.

**Proof.**
Although this lemma can be deduced from the fundamental triangle we will give a direct and elementary proof of this now. Factor the ring map $A \to B \times C$ as $A \to A[x] \to B \times C$ where $x \mapsto (1, 0)$. By Lemma 91.5.8 we have a distinguished triangle

in $D(B \times C)$. Similarly we have the distinguished triangles

Thus it suffices to prove the result for $B \times C$ over $A[x]$. Note that $A[x] \to A[x, x^{-1}]$ is flat, that $(B \times C) \otimes _{A[x]} A[x, x^{-1}] = B \otimes _{A[x]} A[x, x^{-1}]$, and that $C \otimes _{A[x]} A[x, x^{-1}] = 0$. Thus by base change (Lemma 91.6.2) the map $L_{B \times C/A[x]} \to L_{B/A[x]} \oplus L_{C/A[x]}$ becomes an isomorphism after inverting $x$. In the same way one shows that the map becomes an isomorphism after inverting $x - 1$. This proves the lemma. $\square$

## Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like `$\pi$`

). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

## Comments (0)