The Stacks project

Lemma 114.11.5. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism schemes. Assume

  1. $X$ and $Y$ are integral schemes,

  2. $f$ is locally of finite type and dominant,

  3. $f$ is either quasi-compact or separated,

  4. $f$ is generically finite, i.e., one of (1) – (5) of Morphisms, Lemma 29.51.7 holds.

Then there is a nonempty open $V \subset Y$ such that $f^{-1}(V) \to V$ is finite locally free of degree $\deg (X/Y)$. In particular, the degrees of the fibres of $f^{-1}(V) \to V$ are bounded by $\deg (X/Y)$.

Proof. We may choose $V$ such that $f^{-1}(V) \to V$ is finite. Then we may shrink $V$ and assume that $f^{-1}(V) \to V$ is flat and of finite presentation by generic flatness (Morphisms, Proposition 29.27.1). Then the morphism is finite locally free by Morphisms, Lemma 29.48.2. Since $V$ is irreducible the morphism has a fixed degree. The final statement follows from this and Morphisms, Lemma 29.56.3. $\square$

Comments (3)

Comment #5549 by Hao on

Form the proof of 0CC3, I guess we don't need to be dominant when considering (3).

Comment #5551 by Laurent Moret-Bailly on

Condition (3) refers to Lemma 02NX, but there and are assumed integral.

Comment #5734 by on

Yes, thanks to both of you! The condition that and should be integral and that is dominant were missing. Oops! This lemma is kind of obsolete and I have moved it to the obsoiete chapter; this doesn't mean it is wrong (I mean it was but now it is fixed). Feel free to tell me if it should be moved back to this chapter. See this commit.

Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like $\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

In order to prevent bots from posting comments, we would like you to prove that you are human. You can do this by filling in the name of the current tag in the following input field. As a reminder, this is tag 0CC3. Beware of the difference between the letter 'O' and the digit '0'.