**Proof.**
The equivalence of (2) and (3) follows immediately from Lemma 100.36.9. Thus in each case the morphism $f$ is DM. Then we can choose Then we can choose algebraic spaces $U$, $V$, a smooth surjective morphism $V \to \mathcal{Y}$ and a surjective étale morphism $U \to \mathcal{X} \times _\mathcal {Y} V$ (Lemma 100.21.7). To finish the proof we have to show that $U \to V$ is étale if and only if it is locally of finite presentation, flat, and unramified. This follows from Morphisms of Spaces, Lemma 66.39.12 (and the more trivial Morphisms of Spaces, Lemmas 66.39.10, 66.39.8, and 66.39.7).
$\square$

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