The Stacks project

Lemma 8.10.4. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a site. Let $p : \mathcal{X} \to \mathcal{C}$ be a category fibred in groupoids. Let $x \in \mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{X})$ lying over $U = p(x)$. The functor $p$ induces an equivalence of sites $\mathcal{X}/x \to \mathcal{C}/U$ where $\mathcal{X}$ is endowed with the topology inherited from $\mathcal{C}$.

Proof. Here $\mathcal{C}/U$ is the localization of the site $\mathcal{C}$ at the object $U$ and similarly for $\mathcal{X}/x$. It follows from Categories, Definition 4.35.1 that the rule $x'/x \mapsto p(x')/p(x)$ defines an equivalence of categories $\mathcal{X}/x \to \mathcal{C}/U$. Whereupon it follows from Definition 8.10.2 that coverings of $x'$ in $\mathcal{X}/x$ are in bijective correspondence with coverings of $p(x')$ in $\mathcal{C}/U$. $\square$

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