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Remark 106.5.1. In general, the dimension of the algebraic space $X$ at a point $x$ may not coincide with the dimension of the underlying topological space $|X|$ at $x$. E.g. if $k$ is a field of characteristic zero and $X = \mathbf{A}^1_ k / \mathbf{Z}$, then $X$ has dimension $1$ (the dimension of $\mathbf{A}^1_ k$) at each of its points, while $|X|$ has the indiscrete topology, and hence is of Krull dimension zero. On the other hand, in Algebraic Spaces, Example 64.14.9 there is given an example of an algebraic space which is of dimension $0$ at each of its points, while $|X|$ is irreducible of Krull dimension $1$, and admits a generic point (so that the dimension of $|X|$ at any of its points is $1$); see also the discussion of this example in Properties of Spaces, Section 65.9.

On the other hand, if $X$ is a decent algebraic space, in the sense of Decent Spaces, Definition 67.6.1 (in particular, if $X$ is quasi-separated; see Decent Spaces, Section 67.6) then in fact the dimension of $X$ at $x$ does coincide with the dimension of $|X|$ at $x$; see Decent Spaces, Lemma 67.12.5.

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