Lemma 18.39.4. Let $f : (\mathop{\mathit{Sh}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C}'), \mathcal{O}') \to (\mathop{\mathit{Sh}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C}'), \mathcal{O})$ be a morphism of ringed topoi. Let $0 \to \mathcal{F} \to \mathcal{G} \to \mathcal{H} \to 0$ be a short exact sequence of $\mathcal{O}$-modules with $\mathcal{H}$ a flat $\mathcal{O}$-module. Then the sequence $0 \to f^*\mathcal{F} \to f^*\mathcal{G} \to f^*\mathcal{H} \to 0$ is exact as well.

**Proof.**
Since $f^{-1}$ is exact we have the short exact sequence $0 \to f^{-1}\mathcal{F} \to f^{-1}\mathcal{G} \to f^{-1}\mathcal{H} \to 0$ of $f^{-1}\mathcal{O}$-modules. By Lemma 18.39.1 the $f^{-1}\mathcal{O}$-module $f^{-1}\mathcal{H}$ is flat. By Lemma 18.28.9 this implies that tensoring the sequence over $f^{-1}\mathcal{O}$ with $\mathcal{O}'$ the sequence remains exact. Since $f^*\mathcal{F} = f^{-1}\mathcal{F} \otimes _{f^{-1}\mathcal{O}} \mathcal{O}'$ and similarly for $\mathcal{G}$ and $\mathcal{H}$ we conclude.
$\square$

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