Lemma 15.120.1. Let $(R, \mathfrak m, \kappa )$ be a local ring. Let $0 \to (M, \varphi ) \to (M', \varphi ') \to (M'', \varphi '') \to 0$ be a short exact sequence in the category discussed above. Then

$\det \nolimits _\kappa (\varphi ') = \det \nolimits _\kappa (\varphi )\det \nolimits _\kappa (\varphi ''),\quad \text{Trace}_\kappa (\varphi ') = \text{Trace}_\kappa (\varphi ) + \text{Trace}_\kappa (\varphi '')$

Also, the characteristic polynomial of $\varphi '$ over $\kappa$ is the product of the characteristic polynomials of $\varphi$ and $\varphi ''$.

Proof. Left as an exercise. $\square$

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like $\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

In order to prevent bots from posting comments, we would like you to prove that you are human. You can do this by filling in the name of the current tag in the following input field. As a reminder, this is tag 0GSY. Beware of the difference between the letter 'O' and the digit '0'.