Lemma 106.8.5. Let $f : \mathcal{X} \to \mathcal{Y}$ be a morphism of algebraic stacks which is representable by algebraic spaces. Then the following are equivalent

$f$ is formally smooth,

for every scheme $T$ and morphism $T \to \mathcal{Y}$ the morphism $\mathcal{X} \times _\mathcal {Y} T \to T$ is formally smooth as a morphism of algebraic spaces.

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