The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

If all coproducts and coequalizers exist, all colimits exist.

Lemma 4.14.11. Let $M : \mathcal{I} \to \mathcal{C}$ be a diagram. Write $I = \mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{I})$ and $A = \text{Arrows}(\mathcal{I})$. Denote $s, t : A \to I$ the source and target maps. Suppose that $\coprod _{i \in I} M_ i$ and $\coprod _{a \in A} M_{s(a)}$ exist. Suppose that the coequalizer of

\[ \xymatrix{ \coprod _{a \in A} M_{s(a)} \ar@<1ex>[r]^\phi \ar@<-1ex>[r]_\psi & \coprod _{i \in I} M_ i } \]

exists, where the morphisms are determined by their components as follows: The component $M_{s(a)}$ maps via $\psi $ to the component $M_{t(a)}$ via the morphism $a$. The component $M_{s(a)}$ maps via $\phi $ to the component $M_{s(a)}$ by the identity morphism. Then this coequalizer is the colimit of the diagram.

Proof. Omitted. $\square$


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Comment #981 by on

Suggested slogan: If all coproducts and coequalizers exist, all colimits exist.

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