The Stacks project

Lemma 10.38.6. Let $R \subset S$ be an inclusion of domains. Assume $R$ is normal. Let $g \in S$ be integral over $R$. Then the minimal polynomial of $g$ has coefficients in $R$.

Proof. Let $P = x^ m + b_{m-1} x^{m-1} + \ldots + b_0$ be a polynomial with coefficients in $R$ such that $P(g) = 0$. Let $Q = x^ n + a_{n-1}x^{n-1} + \ldots + a_0$ be the minimal polynomial for $g$ over the fraction field $K$ of $R$. Then $Q$ divides $P$ in $K[x]$. By Lemma 10.38.5 we see the $a_ i$ are integral over $R$. Since $R$ is normal this means they are in $R$. $\square$

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