Lemma 10.39.13. Suppose that $0 \to M' \to M \to M'' \to 0$ is a short exact sequence of $R$-modules. If $M'$ and $M''$ are flat so is $M$. If $M$ and $M''$ are flat so is $M'$.
Proof. We will use the criterion that a module $N$ is flat if for every ideal $I \subset R$ the map $N \otimes _ R I \to N$ is injective, see Lemma 10.39.5. Consider an ideal $I \subset R$. Consider the diagram
with exact rows. This immediately proves the first assertion. The second follows because if $M''$ is flat then the lower left horizontal arrow is injective by Lemma 10.39.12. $\square$
Post a comment
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.
In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like
$\pi$). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).
All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
There are also: