The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Proposition 10.58.5. Let $R$ be a Noetherian local ring. Let $M$ be a finite $R$-module. Let $I \subset R$ be an ideal of definition. The Hilbert function $\varphi _{I, M}$ and the function $\chi _{I, M}$ are numerical polynomials.

Proof. Consider the graded ring $S = R/I \oplus I/I^2 \oplus I^2/I^3 \oplus \ldots = \bigoplus _{d \geq 0} I^ d/I^{d + 1}$. Consider the graded $S$-module $N = M/IM \oplus IM/I^2M \oplus \ldots = \bigoplus _{d \geq 0} I^ dM/I^{d + 1}M$. This pair $(S, N)$ satisfies the hypotheses of Proposition 10.57.7. Hence the result for $\varphi _{I, M}$ follows from that proposition and Lemma 10.54.1. The result for $\chi _{I, M}$ follows from this and Lemma 10.57.5. $\square$


Comments (2)

Comment #3505 by Jonas Ehrhard on

Lemma 00JD (10.54.1) needs to be Artinian. I don't see why this should be the case, as the ideals

seem to give a possibly infinite descending sequence. . This sequence stabilises iff for , which must not be true. For example consider the localisation of the polynomial ring at the maximal ideal and .

Comment #3547 by on

No, this is fine because Proposition 10.57.7 tells us we end up in and is Artinian because is an ideal of definition.

There are also:

  • 1 comment(s) on Section 10.58: Noetherian local rings

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