The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Proposition 10.102.4. Let $R$ be a Noetherian local ring, with maximal ideal $\mathfrak m$. Let $M$ be a Cohen-Macaulay module over $R$ whose support has dimension $d$. Suppose that $g_1, \ldots , g_ c$ are elements of $\mathfrak m$ such that $\dim (\text{Supp}(M/(g_1, \ldots , g_ c)M)) = d - c$. Then $g_1, \ldots , g_ c$ is an $M$-regular sequence, and can be extended to a maximal $M$-regular sequence.

Proof. Let $Z = \text{Supp}(M) \subset \mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(R)$. By Lemma 10.59.12 in the chain $Z \supset Z \cap V(g_1) \supset \ldots \supset Z \cap V(g_1, \ldots , g_ c)$ each step decreases the dimension at most by $1$. Hence by assumption each step decreases the dimension by exactly $1$ each time. Thus we may successively apply Lemma 10.102.3 to the modules $M/(g_1, \ldots , g_ i)$ and the element $g_{i + 1}$.

To extend $g_1, \ldots , g_ c$ by one element if $c < d$ we simply choose an element $g_{c + 1} \in \mathfrak m$ which is not in any of the finitely many minimal primes of $Z \cap V(g_1, \ldots , g_ c)$, using Lemma 10.14.2. $\square$


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