The Stacks project

Lemma 20.10.2. Let $X$ be a ringed space. Let $\mathcal{U} : U = \bigcup _{i \in I} U_ i$ be an open covering. The functors $\mathcal{F} \mapsto \check{H}^ n(\mathcal{U}, \mathcal{F})$ form a $\delta $-functor from the abelian category of presheaves of $\mathcal{O}_ X$-modules to the category of $\mathcal{O}_ X(U)$-modules (see Homology, Definition 12.12.1).

Proof. By Lemma 20.10.1 a short exact sequence of presheaves of $\mathcal{O}_ X$-modules $0 \to \mathcal{F}_1 \to \mathcal{F}_2 \to \mathcal{F}_3 \to 0$ is turned into a short exact sequence of complexes of $\mathcal{O}_ X(U)$-modules. Hence we can use Homology, Lemma 12.13.12 to get the boundary maps $\delta _{\mathcal{F}_1 \to \mathcal{F}_2 \to \mathcal{F}_3} : \check{H}^ n(\mathcal{U}, \mathcal{F}_3) \to \check{H}^{n + 1}(\mathcal{U}, \mathcal{F}_1)$ and a corresponding long exact sequence. We omit the verification that these maps are compatible with maps between short exact sequences of presheaves. $\square$

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