Lemma 26.4.7. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of locally ringed spaces. Let $\mathcal{I} \subset \mathcal{O}_ Y$ be a sheaf of ideals which is locally generated by sections. Let $i : Z \to Y$ be the closed subspace associated to the sheaf of ideals $\mathcal{I}$. Let $\mathcal{J}$ be the image of the map $f^*\mathcal{I} \to f^*\mathcal{O}_ Y = \mathcal{O}_ X$. Then this ideal is locally generated by sections. Moreover, let $i' : Z' \to X$ be the associated closed subspace of $X$. There exists a unique morphism of locally ringed spaces $f' : Z' \to Z$ such that the following diagram is a commutative square of locally ringed spaces

$\xymatrix{ Z' \ar[d]_{f'} \ar[r]_{i'} & X \ar[d]^ f \\ Z \ar[r]^{i} & Y }$

Moreover, this diagram is a fibre square in the category of locally ringed spaces.

Proof. The ideal $\mathcal{J}$ is locally generated by sections by Modules, Lemma 17.8.2. The rest of the lemma follows from the characterization, in Lemma 26.4.6 above, of what it means for a morphism to factor through a closed subspace. $\square$

Comment #422 by Keenan Kidwell on

In the proof of 01HQ, the last word should be subspace instead of subscheme, since this lemma and the lemmas cited in the proof are about general locally ringed spaces.

Comment #582 by Anfang on

There is a typo in the second sentence. "Functions" should be changed to "sections".

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• 17 comment(s) on Section 26.4: Closed immersions of locally ringed spaces

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