The Stacks project

Lemma 32.4.3. Let $S = \mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits S_ i$ be the limit of a directed inverse system of schemes with affine transition morphisms (Lemma 32.2.2). If all the schemes $S_ i$ are nonempty and quasi-compact, then the limit $S = \mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits _ i S_ i$ is nonempty.

Proof. Choose $0 \in I$. Note that $I$ is nonempty as the limit is directed. Choose an affine open covering $S_0 = \bigcup _{j = 1, \ldots , m} U_ j$. Since $I$ is directed there exists a $j \in \{ 1, \ldots , m\} $ such that $f_{i0}^{-1}(U_ j) \not= \emptyset $ for all $i \geq 0$. Hence $\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits _{i \geq 0} f_{i0}^{-1}(U_ j)$ is not empty since a directed colimit of nonzero rings is nonzero (because $1 \not= 0$). As $\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits _{i \geq 0} f_{i0}^{-1}(U_ j)$ is an open subscheme of the limit we win. $\square$


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