Example 4.35.5. Let $\mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C}) = \{ A, B, T\} $ and $\mathop{\mathrm{Mor}}\nolimits _\mathcal {C}(A, B) = \{ f\} $, $\mathop{\mathrm{Mor}}\nolimits _\mathcal {C}(B, T) = \{ g\} $, $\mathop{\mathrm{Mor}}\nolimits _\mathcal {C}(A, T) = \{ h\} = \{ gf\} , $ plus the identity morphism for each object. See the diagram below for a picture of this category. Now let $\mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{S}) = \{ A', B', T'\} $ and $\mathop{\mathrm{Mor}}\nolimits _\mathcal {S}(A', B') = \emptyset $, $\mathop{\mathrm{Mor}}\nolimits _\mathcal {S}(B', T') = \{ g'\} $, $\mathop{\mathrm{Mor}}\nolimits _\mathcal {S}(A', T') = \{ h'\} , $ plus the identity morphisms. The functor $p : \mathcal{S} \to \mathcal{C}$ is obvious. Then for every $U \in \mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{C})$, $\mathcal{S}_ U$ is the category with one object and the identity morphism on that object, so a groupoid, but the morphism $f: A \to B$ cannot be lifted. Similarly, if we declare $\mathop{\mathrm{Mor}}\nolimits _\mathcal {S}(A', B') = \{ f'_1, f'_2\} $ and $ \mathop{\mathrm{Mor}}\nolimits _\mathcal {S}(A', T') = \{ h'\} = \{ g'f'_1 \} = \{ g'f'_2\} $, then the fibre categories are the same and $f: A \to B$ in the diagram below has two lifts.

\[ \xymatrix{ B' \ar[r]^{g'} & T' & & B \ar[r]^ g & T & \\ A' \ar@{-->}[u]^{??} \ar[ru]_{h'} & & \ar@{}[u]^{above} & A \ar[u]^ f \ar[ru]_{gf = h} & \\ } \]

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