The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Definition 4.32.6. Assume $p : \mathcal{S} \to \mathcal{C}$ is a fibred category.

  1. A choice of pullbacks1 for $p : \mathcal{S} \to \mathcal{C}$ is given by a choice of a strongly cartesian morphism $f^\ast x \to x$ lying over $f$ for any morphism $f: V \to U$ of $\mathcal{C}$ and any $x \in \mathop{\mathrm{Ob}}\nolimits (\mathcal{S}_ U)$.

  2. Given a choice of pullbacks, for any morphism $f : V \to U$ of $\mathcal{C}$ the functor $f^* : \mathcal{S}_ U \to \mathcal{S}_ V$ described above is called a pullback functor (associated to the choices $f^*x \to x$ made above).

[1] This is probably nonstandard terminology. In some texts this is called a “cleavage” but it conjures up the wrong image. Maybe a “cleaving” would be a better word. A related notion is that of a “splitting”, but in many texts a “splitting” means a choice of pullbacks such that $g^*f^* = (f \circ g)^*$ for any composable pair of morphisms. Compare also with Definition 4.35.2.

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