The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 10.62.15. Let $R$ be a ring. Let $M$ be an $R$-module. Let $\mathfrak p \subset R$ be a prime.

  1. If $\mathfrak p \in \text{Ass}(M)$ then $\mathfrak pR_{\mathfrak p} \in \text{Ass}(M_{\mathfrak p})$.

  2. If $\mathfrak p$ is finitely generated then the converse holds as well.

Proof. If $\mathfrak p \in \text{Ass}(M)$ there exists an element $m \in M$ whose annihilator is $\mathfrak p$. As localization is exact (Proposition 10.9.12) we see that the annihilator of $m/1$ in $M_{\mathfrak p}$ is $\mathfrak pR_{\mathfrak p}$ hence (1) holds. Assume $\mathfrak pR_{\mathfrak p} \in \text{Ass}(M_{\mathfrak p})$ and $\mathfrak p = (f_1, \ldots , f_ n)$. Let $m/g$ be an element of $M_{\mathfrak p}$ whose annihilator is $\mathfrak pR_{\mathfrak p}$. This implies that the annihilator of $m$ is contained in $\mathfrak p$. As $f_ i m/g = 0$ in $M_{\mathfrak p}$ we see there exists a $g_ i \in R$, $g_ i \not\in \mathfrak p$ such that $g_ i f_ i m = 0$ in $M$. Combined we see the annihilator of $g_1\ldots g_ nm$ is $\mathfrak p$. Hence $\mathfrak p \in \text{Ass}(M)$. $\square$


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