Lemma 10.143.4. Let $R \to S$ be a smooth ring map. Let $R \to B$ be any ring map. Let $A \subset B$ be the integral closure of $R$ in $B$. Let $A' \subset S \otimes _ R B$ be the integral closure of $S$ in $S \otimes _ R B$. Then the canonical map $S \otimes _ R A \to A'$ is an isomorphism.

**Proof.**
Arguing as in the proof of Lemma 10.143.2 we may localize on $S$. Hence we may assume that $R \to S$ is a standard smooth ring map, see Lemma 10.135.10. By definition of a standard smooth ring map we see that $S$ is étale over a polynomial ring $R[x_1, \ldots , x_ n]$. Since we have seen the result in the case of an étale ring extension (Lemma 10.143.2) this reduces us to the case where $S = R[x]$. Thus we have to show

The implication from right to left holds because the set of elements in $B[x]$ integral over $R[x]$ is a ring (Lemma 10.35.7) and contains $x$.

Suppose that $f \in B[x]$ is integral over $R[x]$, and assume that $f = \sum _{i < d} b_ i x^ i$ has degree $< d$. Since integral closure and localization commute, it suffices to show there exist distinct primes $p, q$ such that each $b_ i$ is integral both over $R[1/p]$ and over $R[1/q]$. Hence, we can find a finite free ring extension $R \subset R'$ such that $R'$ contains $\alpha _1, \ldots , \alpha _ d$ with the property that $\prod _{i < j} (\alpha _ i - \alpha _ j)$ is a unit in $R'$, see Example 10.143.3. In this case we have the universal equality

OK, and the elements $f(\alpha _ i)$ are integral over $R'$ since $(R' \otimes _ R B)[x] \to R' \otimes _ R B$, $h \mapsto h(\alpha _ i)$ is a ring map. Hence we see that the coefficients of $f$ in $(R' \otimes _ R B)[x]$ are integral over $R'$. Since $R'$ is finite over $R$ (hence integral over $R$) we see that they are integral over $R$ also, as desired. $\square$

## Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked.

In your comment you can use Markdown and LaTeX style mathematics (enclose it like `$\pi$`

). A preview option is available if you wish to see how it works out (just click on the eye in the toolbar).

Unfortunately JavaScript is disabled in your browser, so the comment preview function will not work.

All contributions are licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

## Comments (0)