## 78.10 Equivariant quasi-coherent sheaves

Please compare with Groupoids, Section 39.12.

Definition 78.10.1. Let $B \to S$ as in Section 78.3. Let $(G, m)$ be a group algebraic space over $B$, and let $a : G \times _ B X \to X$ be an action of $G$ on the algebraic space $X$ over $B$. An *$G$-equivariant quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_ X$-module*, or simply a *equivariant quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_ X$-module*, is a pair $(\mathcal{F}, \alpha )$, where $\mathcal{F}$ is a quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_ X$-module, and $\alpha $ is a $\mathcal{O}_{G \times _ B X}$-module map

\[ \alpha : a^*\mathcal{F} \longrightarrow \text{pr}_1^*\mathcal{F} \]

where $\text{pr}_1 : G \times _ B X \to X$ is the projection such that

the diagram

\[ \xymatrix{ (1_ G \times a)^*\text{pr}_2^*\mathcal{F} \ar[r]_-{\text{pr}_{12}^*\alpha } & \text{pr}_2^*\mathcal{F} \\ (1_ G \times a)^*a^*\mathcal{F} \ar[u]^{(1_ G \times a)^*\alpha } \ar@{=}[r] & (m \times 1_ X)^*a^*\mathcal{F} \ar[u]_{(m \times 1_ X)^*\alpha } } \]

is a commutative in the category of $\mathcal{O}_{G \times _ B G \times _ B X}$-modules, and

the pullback

\[ (e \times 1_ X)^*\alpha : \mathcal{F} \longrightarrow \mathcal{F} \]

is the identity map.

For explanation compare with the relevant diagrams of Equation (78.8.1.1).

Note that the commutativity of the first diagram guarantees that $(e \times 1_ X)^*\alpha $ is an idempotent operator on $\mathcal{F}$, and hence condition (2) is just the condition that it is an isomorphism.

Lemma 78.10.2. Let $B \to S$ as in Section 78.3. Let $G$ be a group algebraic space over $B$. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a $G$-equivariant morphism between algebraic spaces over $B$ endowed with $G$-actions. Then pullback $f^*$ given by $(\mathcal{F}, \alpha ) \mapsto (f^*\mathcal{F}, (1_ G \times f)^*\alpha )$ defines a functor from the category of quasi-coherent $G$-equivariant sheaves on $Y$ to the category of quasi-coherent $G$-equivariant sheaves on $X$.

**Proof.**
Omitted.
$\square$

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