Lemma 41.18.2. Let $f : X \to S$ be a morphism of schemes. Let $x_1, \ldots , x_ n \in X$ be points having the same image $s$ in $S$. Assume $f$ is separated and $f$ is étale at each $x_ i$. Then there exists an étale neighbourhood $(U, u) \to (S, s)$ and a finite disjoint union decomposition

of schemes such that

$V_{i, j} \to U$ is an isomorphism,

the fibre $W_ u$ contains no point mapping to any $x_ i$.

In particular, if $f^{-1}(\{ s\} ) = \{ x_1, \ldots , x_ n\} $, then the fibre $W_ u$ is empty.

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