The Stacks project

35.17 Germs of schemes

Definition 35.17.1. Germs of schemes.

  1. A pair $(X, x)$ consisting of a scheme $X$ and a point $x \in X$ is called the germ of $X$ at $x$.

  2. A morphism of germs $f : (X, x) \to (S, s)$ is an equivalence class of morphisms of schemes $f : U \to S$ with $f(x) = s$ where $U \subset X$ is an open neighbourhood of $x$. Two such $f$, $f'$ are said to be equivalent if and only if $f$ and $f'$ agree in some open neighbourhood of $x$.

  3. We define the composition of morphisms of germs by composing representatives (this is well defined).

Before we continue we need one more definition.

Definition 35.17.2. Let $f : (X, x) \to (S, s)$ be a morphism of germs. We say $f$ is ├ętale (resp. smooth) if there exists a representative $f : U \to S$ of $f$ which is an ├ętale morphism (resp. a smooth morphism) of schemes.


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