The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 27.2.1. Let $X$ be a scheme. A subset $E$ of $X$ is locally constructible in $X$ if and only if $E \cap U$ is constructible in $U$ for every affine open $U$ of $X$.

Proof. Assume $E$ is locally constructible. Then there exists an open covering $X = \bigcup U_ i$ such that $E \cap U_ i$ is constructible in $U_ i$ for each $i$. Let $V \subset X$ be any affine open. We can find a finite open affine covering $V = V_1 \cup \ldots \cup V_ m$ such that for each $j$ we have $V_ j \subset U_ i$ for some $i = i(j)$. By Topology, Lemma 5.15.4 we see that each $E \cap V_ j$ is constructible in $V_ j$. Since the inclusions $V_ j \to V$ are quasi-compact (see Schemes, Lemma 25.19.2) we conclude that $E \cap V$ is constructible in $V$ by Topology, Lemma 5.15.6. The converse implication is immediate. $\square$


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