Lemma 32.25.6. Let $k$ be a field. If $X$ is smooth over $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k)$ then the set

is dense in $X$.

Lemma 32.25.6. Let $k$ be a field. If $X$ is smooth over $\mathop{\mathrm{Spec}}(k)$ then the set

\[ \{ x \in X\text{ closed such that }k \subset \kappa (x) \text{ is finite separable}\} \]

is dense in $X$.

**Proof.**
It suffices to show that given a nonempty smooth $X$ over $k$ there exists at least one closed point whose residue field is finite separable over $k$. To see this, choose a diagram

\[ \xymatrix{ X & U \ar[l] \ar[r]^-\pi & \mathbf{A}^ d_ k } \]

with $\pi $ étale, see Morphisms, Lemma 28.34.20. The morphism $\pi : U \to \mathbf{A}^ d_ k$ is open, see Morphisms, Lemma 28.34.13. By Lemma 32.25.5 we may choose a closed point $w \in \pi (U)$ whose residue field is finite separable over $k$. Pick any $x \in U$ with $\pi (x) = w$. By Morphisms, Lemma 28.34.7 the field extension $\kappa (w) \subset \kappa (x)$ is finite separable. Hence $k \subset \kappa (x)$ is finite separable. The point $x$ is a closed point of $X$ by Morphisms, Lemma 28.19.2. $\square$

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