The Stacks project

\begin{equation*} \DeclareMathOperator\Coim{Coim} \DeclareMathOperator\Coker{Coker} \DeclareMathOperator\Ext{Ext} \DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom} \DeclareMathOperator\Im{Im} \DeclareMathOperator\Ker{Ker} \DeclareMathOperator\Mor{Mor} \DeclareMathOperator\Ob{Ob} \DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafExt{\mathcal{E}\mathit{xt}} \DeclareMathOperator\SheafHom{\mathcal{H}\mathit{om}} \DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec} \newcommand\colim{\mathop{\mathrm{colim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\lim{\mathop{\mathrm{lim}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Qcoh{\mathit{Qcoh}} \newcommand\Sch{\mathit{Sch}} \newcommand\QCohstack{\mathcal{QC}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Cohstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{oh}} \newcommand\Spacesstack{\mathcal{S}\!\mathit{paces}} \newcommand\Quotfunctor{\mathrm{Quot}} \newcommand\Hilbfunctor{\mathrm{Hilb}} \newcommand\Curvesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{urves}} \newcommand\Polarizedstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{olarized}} \newcommand\Complexesstack{\mathcal{C}\!\mathit{omplexes}} \newcommand\Pic{\mathop{\mathrm{Pic}}\nolimits} \newcommand\Picardstack{\mathcal{P}\!\mathit{ic}} \newcommand\Picardfunctor{\mathrm{Pic}} \newcommand\Deformationcategory{\mathcal{D}\!\mathit{ef}} \end{equation*}

Lemma 10.65.7. Let $R$ be a ring. Let $M$ be an $R$-module. The union $\bigcup _{\mathfrak q \in \text{WeakAss}(M)} \mathfrak q$ is the set elements of $R$ which are zerodivisors on $M$.

Proof. Suppose $f \in \mathfrak q \in \text{WeakAss}(M)$. Then there exists an element $m \in M$ such that $\mathfrak q$ is minimal over $I = \{ x \in R \mid xm = 0\} $. Hence there exists a $g \in R$, $g \not\in \mathfrak q$ and $n > 0$ such that $f^ ngm = 0$. Note that $gm \not= 0$ as $g \not\in I$. If we take $n$ minimal as above, then $f (f^{n - 1}gm) = 0$ and $f^{n - 1}gm \not= 0$, so $f$ is a zerodivisor on $M$. Conversely, suppose $f \in R$ is a zerodivisor on $M$. Consider the submodule $N = \{ m \in M \mid fm = 0\} $. Since $N$ is not zero it has a weakly associated prime $\mathfrak q$ by Lemma 10.65.5. Clearly $f \in \mathfrak q$ and by Lemma 10.65.4 $\mathfrak q$ is a weakly associated prime of $M$. $\square$

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