Lemma 10.91.3. Let $R$ be a Noetherian ring and $A$ a set. Then $M = R^ A$ is a flat and Mittag-Leffler $R$-module.

**Proof.**
Combining Lemma 10.90.5 and Proposition 10.90.6 we see that $M$ is flat over $R$. We show that $M$ satisfies the condition of Lemma 10.91.2. Let $F$ be a free finite $R$-module. If $F'$ is any submodule of $F$ then it is finitely presented since $R$ is Noetherian. So by Proposition 10.89.3 we have a commutative diagram

by which we can identify the map $F' \otimes _ R M \to F \otimes _ R M$ with $(F')^ A \to F^ A$. Hence if $x \in F \otimes _ R M$ corresponds to $(x_\alpha ) \in F^ A$, then the submodule of $F'$ of $F$ generated by the $x_\alpha $ is the smallest submodule of $F$ such that $x \in F' \otimes _ R M$. $\square$

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