Remark 4.22.4. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category. There exists a big category $\text{Ind-}\mathcal{C}$ of *ind-objects of* $\mathcal{C}$. Namely, if $F : \mathcal{I} \to \mathcal{C}$ and $G : \mathcal{J} \to \mathcal{C}$ are filtered diagrams in $\mathcal{C}$, then we can define

There is a canonical functor $\mathcal{C} \to \text{Ind-}\mathcal{C}$ which maps $X$ to the *constant system* on $X$. This is a fully faithful embedding. In this language one sees that a diagram $F$ is essentially constant if and only if $F$ is isomorphic to a constant system. If we ever need this material, then we will formulate this into a lemma and prove it here.

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